What are the precautions for swimming?

To ensure swimming safety, people should master the following personal care knowledge and skills:

1. Swimming equipment, such as swimwear and water mirrors, should always be cleaned and disinfected. After each swim, it is recommended to wash the eyes with clean water, and then drop a few eye drops. For hydro’s in the ear, the head can be tilted and the water can flow out by jumping with one leg in place.

2. Don’t swim without the teacher’s permission’

3. Prepare before launching to avoid discomfort. Only when the rescuer is present, you can launch.

4. Do not swim if you are sick.

5. Avoid swimming before and after eating. It will also produce stomach cramps, vomiting and abdominal pain. Read here more about lifeguard courses under the instructions of American lifeguard Association.

6. Beginners should not swim in the water for safety.

7. Do not run in the pool area.

8. Follow the management’, do not dive, no action and dangerous games.

9. Swimming for too long can cause muscle fatigue. Cold or sudden force can cause spasms in the water. In this case, calm down, relax, massage the muscles of the cramped area, or change the swimming posture, and go ashore to rest.

10. After participating in vigorous physical work or strenuous exercise, you should not jump into the water to swim immediately, especially when you are sweating and hot all over. Otherwise, it is easy to cause cramps, cold, etc.

11. Do not dive at the edge of a shallow pool.

12. Do not bring water bottles and glasses to the swimming pool to prevent them from breaking.

13. Leave the swimming pool to shelter in case of a flash shower.

14. Prolonged exposure can cause sunburn or acute dermatitis, also known as sunburn. To prevent sunburn, after landing, it is best to use an umbrella to protect the sun, or go to a shady place to rest, or use a bath towel to protect the skin, or use sunscreen on exposed parts of the body.

15. If someone is drowning and you cannot swim, do not enter the water. You can shout for help, or throw rescue creatures, such as sticks, boards, etc.

16. Never play in the water, just in case something happens.

17. Do not wear a snorkel. Once you choke, it’s very dangerous.

18. If you encounter a swimming accident, immediately call for help and take action. Make an emergency call quickly or take the car to the hospital.

19. During the swimming activity, no one is allowed to leave the pool area without the permission of the teacher’ after the swimming activity, each class must check and confirm the number of people before leading the team to leave.

20. After swimming, wipe the crust on the body with a soft dry towel, apply chloramphenicol or boric acid eye drops, and blow out the nasal secretions. If there is water in the ear, the water can be removed by “ipsilateral jump”; Afterwards, do relaxation exercises and body massage or rest in the sun for 15-20 minutes to avoid muscle cramps and fatigue.

21. It is better to rest before eating after swimming, otherwise it will suddenly increase the load on the gastrointestinal tract and easily cause gastrointestinal diseases in the long run.

Before swimming for the first time, you should undergo a health check. People with viral hepatitis, active tuberculosis, red eye disease, otitis media, diarrhea, heart disease, psychosis and epilepsy are not suitable for swimming.

Every time before sliding into the water, we should pay attention to preparatory activities. For example, do gymnastics once, stretch arms and legs, bend, run and jump, move joints, increase muscle strength and flexibility, make the body adapt to the needs of swimming activities.

You should also wash your face, head, chest, back and four hearts with water before swimming.

During swimming and lifeguard, painful spasms (commonly known as cramps) are often encountered. When cramps occur, stay calm and swim ashore as quickly as possible. Wait for your body to return to normal before you enter the water. Methods to correct spasms: spasms of the fingers can be clenched into fists, and then forced to open the hand; toe cramps, we must quickly bend the leg, force to pull the toe open, straighten; calf cramps can first take a breath, float on the water, bend the thigh to make a right angle with the upper body, and the knee joint is also bent, forcing the calf to stick to the thigh, vibration back and forth a several times, then After the leg is straight to front, repeated activities, until returning to normal. If severe or persistent cramps occur.

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